Sore Throat

Sore Throat

Sore Throat is a pain or discomfort on swallowing; Sore Throat occurs due to any of a variety of inflammations of the tonsils, pharynx, or larynx. Sore throat is also termed as pharyngitis; is a painful inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the pharynx. Sore throats heal up without complications, but Sore Throat should not be ignored because Sore throat develops into serious illnesses.Sore Throat is simply a pain in the throat.Sore Throat may also be defined as a condition in which the pharynx gets inflamed due to common cold and influenza, bacterial or viral infections, and excessive stress or in a few rare cases disorders like diphtheria, sinusitis and measles. Severe vomiting may also put great strain on the larynx and lead to a sore throat.


Symptoms of Sore Throat


Symptoms of Sore Throat are:

  • Painful red throat.
  • Swollen tonsils.
  • Difficulty in swallowing.
  • Headache.
  • Swollen lymph glands and neck stiffness.
  • Irritation of throat
  • Chills and fever.
  • Difficulty in swallowing


Causes of Sore Throat


Some causes of Sore Throat are:

  • Bacterial infection: bacteria like gonorrhoea is an example of a sexually transmitted infection can cause sore throats.
  • Viruses: A well-known virus is the Epstein-Barr virus, which causes glandular fever and glandular fever tonsillitis. Common viruses, and even the viruses that cause mononucleosis (mono) and the flu, can cause a sore throat.
  • Tonsillitis: It is an inflammation of the tonsils. Chronic tonsillitis occurs when there is so much damage to the tonsils. In this condition, the throat is sore most of the time, often accompanied by bad breath.
  • Glandular fever and tonsillitis. The tonsils and the glands in the neck are often very large and may cause severe breathing difficulties.
  • Breathing through the mouth can produce throat dryness and soreness.

Home Remedies for Sore Throat


The most effective home remedies for Sore Throat are:

  • Add lemon juice and some honey, to a glass of hot water. Drink this. It will give immediate relief from pain.
  • Cut a lemon into 2 pieces. Take one piece and put some salt and black pepper on it, press with a knife so that salt-pepper penetrates into the lime. Put the lemon on heat to make it warm. Slowly lick this lemon squeezing it until no juice remains. Do it 2-3 times a day.
  • Add 1/4 teaspoon of cayenne pepper to 1 cup of boiling water; stir well and sip slowly. It is also good for sore throat cure.
  • Prepare a tea by adding 1 or 2 teaspoons of dried chamomile blossoms to a pint of boiling water; steep and drink a cup every few hours.
  • Creosote and aspirin - This is old fashioned strong-man stuff not to be taken seriously.
  • Blackcurrant or blackberry jam - Either of these in a cup of hot water and strained before using is a good emergency gargle. So are blackcurrant juice and blackcurrant jelly, shrub, rob, cordial or vinegar, diluted in a cup of boiling water, with or without cinnamon added. They can all be used to gargle with and then drunk.
  • Gargle with salt water (˝ tsp. mixed with 4 oz warm water) every few hours or as needed.
  • Mix a cup of warm water, 2 tsp. honey and the juice of one lemon (or several teaspoons) and sip.
  • Mixing white vinegar, water, salt and crushed vitamin C together, gargle . 

Treatment and advice for Sore Throat


Treatment and advice for Sore Throat are described below:

  • Taking acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain; aspirin should not be given to children because of its association with increased risk for Reye's Syndrome, a serious disease
  • Gargling with warm double strength tea or warm salt water made by adding 1 tsp of salt to 8 oz (237 ml) of water
  • Drinking plenty of fluids, but avoiding acid juices like orange juice, which can irritate the throat (sucking on popsicles is a good way to get fluids into children).

Other Related Links