Moles can be defined as a small, congenital spot on the human skin, generally dark-colored and slightly raised, often hairy. Especially a pigmented nevus.In simple words, Moles (nevus) is a pigmented (colored) spot on the outer layer of the skin (epidermis).   Moles are also known as nevi or nevus, Nevus is a cluster of melanocytes that seems as brown spots on the skin. Nevus (or naevus) is a pigmented lesion of the skin. Most birthmarks and moles come under nevi. The nevus cells make the nevus.Some Moles are harmless, but some Moles may become cancerous and are frequently removed for a variety of reasons.

Symptoms of Moles

Symptoms of Moles are described below:

  • The typical mole is a plain, brown spot, with colors difference, different shapes and sizes; it can be flesh-colored, reddish-brown, medium to dark brown, or blue; vary in shape from oval to round, from pinhead or large enough to cover any body part.
  • The surface can be smooth or wrinkled, flat or raised.
  • Although most moles develop by age 20, they can continue to appear until midlife. Hormonal changes during adolescence and pregnancy and with the use of birth control pills, moles likely to change larger, darker and become more numerous

Causes of Moles

Some causes of Moles are:

  • Some people are born with moles. Other moles appear over time. Sun exposure seems to play a role in the development of moles.
  • Heredity - many families have a type of mole known as dysplastic (atypical), which can be associated with a higher frequency of melanoma or skin cancer.
  • Melanin is a natural pigment that gives your skin its color. It's produced in cells called melanocytes, either in the layer of the skin epidermis and dermis; it is distributed evenly, to the surface cells of skin, but sometimes melanocytes grow together in a cluster, giving rise to moles.

Home Remedies for Moles

The most effective home remedies of Moles are:

  • Mix ground flaxseeds with flaxseed oil and small amount of raw honey. Apply it on mole and change it daily.
  • Squeeze a clove of garlic and place it on the effected area and cover it with bandage.
  • Apply a drop of grape fruit extract on the area 4-5 times in a day and wrap it with some cloth or bandage.
  • Application of tea tree oil to the area for 8-10 days.
  • Applying fresh cut pineapple on the affected area a number of times in a day will help in mole removal.
  • Avoid peak sun times or it is good to avoid overexposure to the sun, but if you must be out of doors, try to stay out of the sun from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., when ultraviolet rays are most strong.
  • Massage the area with castor oil twice in a day, it will make the area soft and decrease itching.
  • Massage the area with castor oil twice in a day, it will make the area soft and decrease itching.

Treatment and advice for Moles


Removing a mole for cosmetic reasons involves numbing the area and using scissors or a scalpel to remove the elevated portion. The patient is left with a flat mole the same color as the original growth. Cutting out parts of the mole above and beneath the surface of the skin can leave a scar more noticeable than the mole.

Scissors or a razor can be used to temporarily remove hair from a mole. Permanent hair removal, however, requires electrolysis or surgical removal of the mole.

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