Miscarriage is defined as inadvertent loss of a pregnancy before the fetus is viable.Miscarriage is also termed as spontaneous abortion.Miscarriage is a pregnancy that ends spontaneously before the fetus can survive. The World Health Organization has defined Miscarriage as an embryo or fetus weighing 500 grams or less, which generally corresponds to a fetal age (gestational age) of 20 to 22 weeks or less.Miscarriages before the eighth week, have 30% no fetus associated with the sac or placenta. This is known as blighted ovum, and many women are surprised to learn that there was never an embryo inside the sac.

Miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy that ends spontaneously before the fetus can survive.

Symptoms of Miscarriage               

 Some of the symptoms of Miscarriage are:

  • The first sign of Miscarriage is stomach cramps. The pain felt is similar to menstrual pain. A small amount of bleeding can also occur. Women who have a Miscarriage may also experience heavy bleeding, blood clots, nausea and painful cramps.
  • Pain. You may have pelvic cramps, abdominal pain, or a persistent, dull ache in your lower back. Pain may start a few hours to several days after bleeding has begun.
  • Blood clots or grayish (fetal) tissue passing from the vagina.     
  • Heavy bleeding that soaks a pad in a few hours or less.
  • Passage of tissue, resembling large thick blood clots in the earliest weeks up to pinkish/grayish material, with or without cramps or pain. 

Causes of Miscarriage

Some causes of Miscarriage:

  • The most common known causes of miscarriage in the first third of pregnancy (1st trimester) are chromosomal abnormalities, collagen vascular disease (such as lupus), diabetes, other hormonal problems infection, and congenital (present at birth) abnormalities of the uterus. Chromosomal abnormalities of the fetus are the most common cause of early miscarriages, including blighted ovum.
  • Blood Spots – although blood spots are a part of pregnancy. Do not take it lightly.
  • Imbalances in pregnancy hormones, problems with your immune system, and some infections such as listeriosis (Listeria infection) and malaria are also thought to make miscarriages more likely.
  • High level of stress, taking unbalanced diet, emotional shock and some problem in uterus is some causes of Miscarriage.
  • Miscarriages become more common as you get older, because egg quality decreases with age

Home Remedies for Miscarriage                                             

The most effective home remedy for Miscarriage are:

  • Spoonful of fresh juice of vitamin C mixed with honey should be given every morning.
  • Mix one tablespoon of juice taken out from Indian Gooseberry and honey everyday in morning.
  • Chew 3-4 almonds well during the time acid reflux is felt. Make sure that you are not swallowing air.
  • Brown rice which is a complex carbohydrate is a very good home remedy for acid reflux. Eat a cup of cooked brown rice.
  • Drink a lot of water in between meals and  ensure that you don't drink water or any liquid with the meals.
  • Put cabbage in a blender and churn out 1 glass of juice. Sip the juice slowly for instant relief from Acid reflux.
  • Pregnant women should avoid eating papaya as it can lead to miscarriage.
  • Eat baked pumpkin for immediate relief from it.
  • Eat one banana when the symptoms are felt. Eating watermelon also helps very much. 

Miscarriage Treatment and advice

  • If you are bleeding heavily, you will be tested for anemia and treated if necessary.
  • If your blood is Rh-negative, you will need Rh immune globulin (RhoGAM) after the miscarriage. This protects a future pregnancy against Rh sensitization. For more information, see the topic Rh Sensitization during Pregnancy.
  • In very rare cases, removal of the uterus (hysterectomy) is needed for women who have severe, uncontrollable bleeding or a severe infection that is not cured with antibiotics.
  • Be sure to get good prenatal care to improve your own health and promote the good health of your baby; participate in regular exercise because gentle exercises, such as aqua-aerobics, are recommended if you are predisposed to miscarriages or having problems.
  • Reduce your stress level; follow a healthy, well-balanced diet, including foods from all the major food groups; apply cold packs to the inner thighs, the vagina, and lumbar areas throughout the first trimester; stop smoking; stop drinking alcoholic beverages and do not use illegal drugs.

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