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Migraine is a periodic attack of headaches on one or both sides of the head. Migraine might come with nausea, vomiting, and increased sensitivity of the eyes to light (photophobia), increased sensitivity to sound (phonophobia), dizziness, blurred vision, cognitive disturbances, and other symptoms. Sometime Migraine do not include headache, and migraines may or may not be preceded by an aura. Migraine in simple words is a type of headache accompanied by severe head pain lasting for several hours. Migraine can also be defined as headache followed by attacks of severe pain, usually on one side of the head. Migraine may be leaded by flashes or spots before the eyes or a ringing in the ears, and followed by double vision, nausea, vomiting, or dizziness. Migraine is also known as megrim.
Symptoms of Migraine
Some common symptoms of Migraine are:
- Nausea, Vomiting ,Diarrhea, changes in how a person sees, including blurred vision or blind spots, zig-zags of light or light flashes ,sensitivity to light, noise and odors, tiredness ,confusion, nasal congestion
- Feeling cold or sweating, stiff or tender neck ,anxious or restlessness, lightheadedness, tender scalp ,cold hands and feet
· A short period of depression, irritability and loss of appetite. Migraine attacks may occur every day in some people or may occur with a week’s gap or a month or may be over a year. There is no predictable migraine attack cycle that has been established yet.
· Numbness or weakness in an arm or leg, or on one side of the face: The eye may start paining or one side of the face gets numb prior to a migraine headache. In some cases the entire face and tongue may get numb making the speech slurry. Digestive problems are experienced sometimes as the headache develops.
Causes of Migraine
Here are some causes of Migraine:
Stress-related (such as anger, depression, shock, excitement, or changes in routine), sensory-related (such as bright lights, strong odors, or loud noises), hormone-related (such as menstrual periods, hormonal treatments, or birth control pills).
Causes related to food: Alcohol, caffeine products, as well as caffeine withdrawal, chocolate, foods with an extremely high sugar content, dairy products, fermented or pickled foods, citrus fruits, nuts, processed foods, especially those containing nitrites, sulfites, or monosodium glutamate (MSG)
Environmental and event-related :stress or time pressure, menstrual periods, menopause, sleep changes or disturbances, including oversleeping, prolonged overexertion or uncomfortable posture, hunger or fasting, odors, smoke, or perfume, strong glare or flashing lights.
Drugs related causes: Oral contraceptives, estrogen replacement therapy,theophylline,reserpine,nifedipine,indomethicin,cimetidine,oversuse of decongestants, analgesic overuse, benzodiazepine withdrawal
Home remedy for Migraine
The most effective home remedy for Migraine are:
- Migraine relief using Grapes: Grind fresh ripe grapes and drink without adding any water.
- Relieving Migraine using Cabbage Leaf Compress: Crush a few cabbage leaves, place in a cloth and apply on the forehead for extended period of time. Use fresh leaves when the compressed leaves dry out.
- Migraine treatment using Lemon Crust: Grind lemon crust and apply as a paste on the forehead. Migraine cures using this remedy has been found very effective and long lasting by many.
- Natural Migraine headache treatment using Vegetable Juices: Carrot juice combined with spinach, beet and cucumber juices are good for migraine treatment.
- Eat 10-12 almonds, for a migraine headache.
- Make a solution by adding half a teaspoon mustard seeds powder and three teaspoons water, put in the nostrils; it helps to decrease the migraine headache.
- Take few leaves of the cabbage crush them, and then place in a cloth and bound on the forehead at bedtime, or when convenient during the day. The Compress should be renewed when the leaves dry out. It is very effective in migraine relief.
- Include garlic in your diet. Either chew a piece of garlic in the raw form or mix it with other food items.
- Another effective method would be to have chamomile tea. This is effective in reducing the occurrence of migraine.
- It is advisable to avoid direct sunlight; smoking and drinking alcohol, as all these can aggravate migraine.
Treatment and advice for Migraine
Treatment and advice for Migraine are described below:
- Acupressure. Pressing on the Gates of Consciousness (GB 20) points can relieve migraine.
- Acupuncture. A National Institutes of Health (NIH) panel concluded that acupuncture may be a useful treatment for headache.
- Aromatherapy. The essential oil rosemary eases migraine pain.
- Autogenic training. Autogenic training is a form of self-hypnosis developed in Germany in the 1930s that has been shown in several studies to relieve the pain of migraine.
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