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Measles

Measles

Measles is a highly contagious disease. We can say that measles is a respiratory infection which is caused by a virus. Since measles is caused by a virus, there is no specific medical treatment and the virus has to run its course. Measles causes a total-body skin rash some time measles shows a flu-like symptoms, including a fever, cough, and runny nose .But a child who is sick should be sure to receive plenty of fluids and rest, and be kept from spreading the infection to others.It spreads so easily that any child who is exposed to it and is not immune will probably get it. One can get measles from an infected person who coughs or sneezes around you or even talks to you. Measles is also termed as rubeola.

Symptoms of Measles

The most common symptoms of measles are:

·         The symptoms of Measles start about 10 days after the infection and include high fever, running nose, cough, and redness of eyes.

·         After several days, a rash erupts, usually on the face and upper neck. Over about three days, the rash spreads, eventually reaching the hands and feet. The rash lasts for five to six days, and then fades.

·         Small red spots with blue-white centers that appear inside the mouth.

·         The rash is said to "stain", changing color from red to dark brown, before disappearing.

Causes of Measles

  • Infected people carry the virus in their respiratory tract before they get sick, so they can spread the disease without being aware of it.
  • Measles is due to a virus that is easily spread, known as the 'paramyxo' virus.
  • Measles can also be passed by direct contact with nasal or throat secretions of infected persons or objects contaminated with the measles virus.
  • The real causes of this disease, like other diseases of childhood, are however; wrong feeding habits and unhygienic living conditions.
  • Severe measles is more likely among poorly nourished young children, especially those with insufficient vitamin A, or whose immune systems have been weakened by HIV/AIDS or other diseases.

Home Remedies for Measles

 

Some effective home remedies for Measles are:

  • The juice of lemon also makes an effective thirst-quenching drink in measles. About 15 to 25 ml of lemon juice, diluted with water, should be take for this purpose.
  • The use of barley water has proved beneficial for the troublesome cough in measles. This water should be taken frequently, sweetened with the newly-drawn oil of sweet almonds.
  • Powder dried turmeric roots. Take about ˝ tsp of this powder, with honey and juice of a few bitter gourd leaves. This is a good way to cure a person suffering from measles.
  • Having fresh orange juice, when struck with measles, is a good way to get healthy once again. Intake about two glasses of the juice per day.
  • You may take garlic and valerian root to help combat with rubeola (measles).
  • The seeds of the egg plant are a stimulant. Intake of half to one gram of these seeds daily for three days will help develop immunity against measles for one year.

Measles Treatment and Advice

·         Medication should be strictly avoided.

·         Children having measles should not be allowed to mix with others so as to avoid passing on the infection to them. In fact, they should take complete rest. Hygienic conditions, along with the above-mentioned treatment, will lead to a speedy recovery.

·         The child should be kept in a well-ventilated room. As light has a detrimental effect upon the eyes during measles because of the weakened condition of the external eye tissues, the child should have his eyes shaded or the room should have subdued light.


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