Liver Cirrhosis

Liver Cirrhosis


Liver Cirrhosis may be defined as a result of chronic liver disease featured by replacement of liver tissue by fibrosis, scar tissue and regenerative nodules which look like lumps that occur as a result of a process in which damaged tissue is regenerated, causing progressive loss of liver function. Liver Cirrhosis in simple words is a group of chronic diseases of the liver in which normal liver cells are damaged and replaced by scar tissue, decreasing the amount of normal liver tissue.


Symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis

Some of the symptoms of Liver Cirrhosis include:

  • Jaundice: this is the yellowing of the skin (jaundice) and the eyes due to the failure of the liver to remove a substance called bilirubin from the blood.
  • Nail changes: the shape and appearance of the nails may change. They may be more curved (clubbing) and they may be white rather than pink.
  • Skin changes: about a quarter of patients will have darkening of the skin.
  • Fluid retention: this is common at some stage in cirrhosis. An important function of the liver is to rid the body of excess fluid through the kidneys and when it fails, fluid gathers in the legs (oedema) or in the abdomen (ascites).
  • Abnormal blood vessels: the commonest abnormality is a spider naevus, which is a spot surrounded by fine blood vessels. A red face is also common.
  • Enlargement of breasts in men: the liver destroys the female sex hormones and in cirrhosis these accumulate and cause enlargement of the breasts and shrinking of the testes in men.

Causes of Liver Cirrhosis

Causes of Liver Cirrhosis are:

  • The rate of cirrhosis in a country is directly related to the average alcohol consumption in that country. Half of all cases of cirrhosis are due to alcohol excess.
  • Chronic viral hepatitis: the two important viruses are hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Cirrhosis due to hepatitis B is common in Africa and Asia. Hepatitis C is increasing in importance both in Europe and the US. Hepatitis A (infectious hepatitis) does not cause cirrhosis.
  • Autoimmune chronic active hepatitis: another uncommon condition that results in the body's immune system attacking and destroying liver cells.
  • Drugs and chemicals: a number of drugs and chemicals can cause liver damage but few cause cirrhosis. Certain specialised drugs need monitoring for their effect on the liver.
  • Metabolic and inherited disorders: These are a number of uncommon conditions that allow the accumulation of toxins in the liver. The commonest is haemochromatosis, which causes excess deposits of iron in the liver.       

Home Remedies for Liver Cirrhosis

The most effective Liver Cirrhosis are:

  • One of the most popular and effective home remedy for cirrhosis of liver would be to have 200 ml of spinach juice. To enhance the efficiency of the drink add 300 ml of carrot juice to it.
  • Papaya seeds also work effectively in curing liver cirrhosis. Grind some papaya seed. Once a powdery substance is formed, add 10 drops of lime juice. Intake this for about one to two times a day for about a month.
  • Fig also proves beneficial in treating cirrhosis of liver. Rinse 4 leaves of sacred fig and crush them along with some sugar candy. Take this mixture and put it in a 250 ml of eater. Consume this mixture about twice a day.
  • One tsp of glucose in a cup of water taken thrice a day would be beneficial in treating liver cirrhosis.
  • Including carbohydrates in the diet would be helpful in curing liver cirrhosis. Salads also would be very helpful.
  • Consumption of buttermilk with some roasted cumin seeds sprinkled over it is one of the easiest and effective treatments for liver cirrhosis.

Liver Cirrhosis Treatment and Advice

Treatment and Advice for Liver Cirrhosis are:

  • In alcoholic cirrhosis: abstinence from alcohol and intake of an adequate wholesome diet.
  • In cirrhosis caused by viral hepatitis: use of experimental approaches that include the use of drugs to improve immune responses to viral infection (interferon) or to help destroy the virus (anti-viral compounds).
  • In cirrhotic patients with jaundice: use of supplemental fat soluble vitamins may be helpful. 

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