Heartburn is an unpleasant feeling of burning and warmth appearing  in waves rising up behind the thorax or chest bone (sternum) toward the neck.Heartburn is generally  due to gastroesophageal reflux disease(GERD), the rise of stomach acid back up into the esophagus. Heartburn is a popular nonmedical term.Heartburn is also termed as pyrosis.Heartburn may be defined as a condition that starts with a burning sensation that occurs in the upper abdomen and moves up into the chest, most commonly making its way to the back of the throat, and travels up into the jaw, arms and back. Heartburn is also known as acid reflux, indigestion


Symptoms of Heartburn


Some symptoms of Heart burn are laid below:

·         A burning feeling in the chest just behind the breastbone that occurs after eating and lasts a few minutes to several hours.

·         Chest pain, especially after bending over, lying down or eating.

·         Burning in the throat -- or hot, sour, acidic or salty-tasting fluid at the back of the throat.

·         Difficulty swallowing.

·         Feeling of food "sticking" in the middle of the chest or throat.

·         Heartburn may cause chronic cough, sore throat, or chronic hoarseness.

Causes of Heartburn


Causes of Heartburn are:

·         Coffee, tea, and other drinks that contain caffeine: Caffeine can relax the LES, allowing stomach contents to reflux into the esophagus.

·         Chocolate contains concentrations of theobromine (a compound that occurs naturally in many plants such as cocoa, tea and coffee plants), which relaxes the esophageal sphincter muscle, letting stomach acid squirt up into the esophagus.

·         Fried and fatty foods tend to slow down digestion, keeping the food in your stomach longer. This can result in increases pressure in the stomach, which in turn puts more pressure on a weakened LES, allowing reflux of stomach contents.

·         Tomatoes and tomato-based foods relax the lower esophageal sphincter (LES).

·         Alcohol relaxes the lower esophageal sphincter, allowing the reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus. It also increases the production of stomach acid.

·         Tobacco: The chemicals in cigarette smoke weaken the LES as they pass from the lungs into the blood.

Home remedies for Heartburn

The most effective home remedies for Heartburn are:

·         On the first sign of heartburn, it is advisable to have water in larger quantities. This would work for those, whose symptoms are not too strong.

·         An easy home remedy for heartburn would be to have half a tsp of baking soda in a glass of water. It is effective in treating heartburn.

·         Combine 1 tablespoonful of apple cider vinegar, 1 teaspoonful of honey and 1 cup of warm water. Having this mixture would provide relief from heartburn.

·         Consuming buttermilk during heartburn would bring in relief. It works very well for the ailment.

·         Cinnamon is useful in treating heartburn. Make tea using cinnamon sticks. Have this tea once or twice a day. Another way to have it would be to prepare cinnamon sandwich.

·         In a cup of water, add 1 ˝ tsp of ginger root. Simmer this for about 10 minutes. Intake this drink as it would bring in relief for the pain.

·         In a pan of 1 cup boiling water, put a tablespoon of the dried marshmallow root. Cover the pan with a lid and allow it to simmer for 15 minutes. Strain this liquid and have at least 3 - 4 cups per day.

·         Drinking Aloe Vera juice acts beneficially in healing intestinal tract and thus relieving a person suffering from heartburn.

·         Take 1 or 2 raw potato and wash them well. Do not peel, instead, cut them into pieces and churn them. Drink the juice immediately. The other option would be to mix it with some other juice for taste. However make sure that it is drunk instantly.

Heartburn Treatment and Advice

Treatment and Advice for Heartburn are:

·         Traditionally, heartburn and its many symptoms have been relieved through the use of antacids. Many mild cases of heartburn respond well to medications which help to absorb excess stomach acids and increase the rate of digestion. Liquid antacids most often work faster and neutralize stomach more quickly than their pill or tablet alternatives.

·         While suffering heartburn, you're advised to refrain from consuming alcohol, caffeine, over-the-counter pain relievers, and other stimulants, which change the acidity of the stomach, and irritate the lining of the stomach further.

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