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Gout

Gout

Gout is also known as crystal-induced arthritis,which is an arthritic condition that occurs when uric acid crystals deposists in the joints. Gout most commonly affects the large joint of the big toe and other joints such as the knee, ankle, foot, hand, wrist and elbow.Gout may also attack the shoulders, hips or spine. Gout has no tendency to spread from joint to joint.

Gout in other words is a condition characterized by abnormally elevated levels of uric acid in the blood, recurring attacks of joint inflammation (arthritis), accumalation of hard lumps of uric acid in and around the joints, and decreased kidney function and kidney stones. Uric acid is a breakdown product of purines, that are part of many foods we eat. The tendency to develop gout and elevated blood uric acid level (hyperuricemia) is most commonly  inherited .The  diagnostic test for gout is the identification of crystals in joints, body fluids and tissues.

 

Symptoms of Gout

The most common symptoms of Gout are:

  • Warmth, pain, swelling, and extreme tenderness in a joint, usually a big toe joint. This symptom is called podagra.
  • Pain that starts during the night and is so intense that even light pressure from a sheet is intolerable.
  • Very red or purplish skin around the affected joint, which may appear to be infected.
  • After the most severe pain subsides, some joint discomfort may last from a few days to a few weeks. Later attacks are likely to last longer and affect more joints.

Causes of Gout

  • Genetic defect in metabolism, which causes overproduction and retention of uric acid
  • Kidney impairment that prevents normal elimination of uric acid
  • Diuretic medications (water pills) used to treat high blood pressure and heart failure
  • Diseases of the blood cells and blood-forming organs, certain cancers and psoriasis
  • Obesity, excessive weight gain (especially in youth), moderate to heavy alcohol intake, high blood pressure, and abnormal kidney function. Certain drugs, such diuretics (hydrochlorothiazide [Dyazide]), low-dose aspirin, niacin, cyclosporine and others can also cause elevated uric acid levels in the blood and lead to gout
  • Drinking too much alcohol, eating too much of the wrong foods, surgery, sudden, severe illness, crash diets, injury to a joint, chemotherapy.

Home Remedies for Gout

Some effective Home Remedies for Gout are:

  • Patient suffering from gout should eat at least 3-4 apples a day.Grapes too are very helpful in gout as it clears off the toxic acid there along with uric acid.Banana is very useful fruit for patient suffering from gout. Patient should be given 6-8 bananas a day. If a patient can stay alive on banana-diet at least for 2-4 days then it will very effectual in curing gout.
  • Cabbage is also used for treating gout. Take two-three cabbage foliage and boil it in water till it become soft. Drain water from the cabbage and wrap it in a perforate cloth. Cover the infected area with this. Keep it for few hours; repeat this process 2-4 times a day. This will be very effective in gout pain relief.
  • Prepare a massage ointment by addition vinegar and rose petals. Take 3-4 tablespoons of vinegar and add 8-9 rose petals. Boil the combination such that both of the ingredients mix completely. Gently rub this mixture to the affected area.
  • Honey is also used in the treatment of gout. Take 3-4 teaspoon of apple remove vinegar and honey each. Add these into a glass of water. Stir well and obtain this 3-4 times a day.
  • Cherries are rich in vitamin C, which can help in eliminating the gouty deposits.
  • Squeeze the juice of half a lemon in a glassful of water. Drink this juice thrice a day in morning, noon and night at regular intervals. Lemon is also a very rich source of vitamin C, which helps in dissolving the gouty deposits.

Gout Treatment and Advice

  • Prevention of acute gout involves maintain adequate fluid intake, weight lessening, dietary changes, reduction in alcohol expenditure.
  • Maintaining adequate fluid intake helps prevent acute gout attacks.
  • Either way, gout treatments may include medication to lower the uric acid level or a special gout diet to decrease the amount of purine ingested.

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