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Ear Infection

Ear Infection

The medical name of Ear Infection is Otitis externa.An infection happens when germs like bacteria and viruses get inside the body and cause trouble. Germs can get into your ear. Between the middle ear and the throat there is a passage called the Eustachian tube.The portion of the ear that lies just behind the ear drum is called the middle ear. Once in a while fluid builds up in the middle ear and at times this fluid gets infected. The fluid is usually drained out into the throat by the help of Eustachian tubes. So the ear can be infected only when these tubes stop performing their function, if they get blocked for whatever reason. 

Adults are not affected by ear infection as frequently as children because in the children Eustachian tubes are very small and less able to keep germs out. The Eustachian tubes get longer and it work better in older kids, but they can still cause problems. The Eustachian tubes can get blocked up due to some reasons such as cold and cough, allergies and let germs get in the middle ear. Then the number of germs can grow inside your middle ear and cause an infection.

Symptoms of Ear Infection

The common symptoms of Ear Infection are:

  • Inflamation of the ear.
  • Fever.
  • Bleeding in the middle ear.
  • Drainage from the ear.
  • Hearing loss in the affected ear.
  • Difficulty sleeping.
  • Tugging or pulling at one or both ears.
  • In children, pulling at the ear, inconsolable crying.
  • Chills
  • Irritability.
  • Persistent earache.
  • Swelling around the ear.

Causes of Ear Infection:

Many factors play a role in whether your child will get an ear infection.

  • Exposure to germs, such as bacteria and viruses.
  • Some of them involve the structure of the ear itself, particularly the Eustachian tubes.
  • Some are related to inflammation of the nasal passage as a result of allergies.
  • Children with Bronchitis or Asthma have more ear infections than healthy children. The same is true of those with allergies.
  • Formula-feeding (because formula does not provide the immune system protection present in mother's milk).
  • Some other fact like deficiency of nutrients, allergy and other infections may also cause ear infection.

 

Home Remedies for Ear Infection

Following are some effective Home Remedies for Ear Infection:

  • Essential oil of peppermint, cloves or calendula (marigold) Add 1 drop of any one of these to 1 tablespoon of almond oil and use as above. Clove oil can also be used to clean the ears. This will help in reducing ear infection.
  • Put a few drops of warm olive oil down the ear and plug with a cotton ball. Lay on the other side of the head for half an hour or so. Then turn over and let drain. This draws out the infection. This is a great home remedy for ear infection.
  • Apply heat into the ear to ease the pain. Use a warm cloth or a heating pad set on low.
  • Heat 2 garlic cloves (skin removed) in two spoons of mustard oil till the garlic starts turning black. Sieve and put 2-3 drops of this oil in the ear, and plug with a cotton ball.
  • Put a few drops of Mullein flower oil down the ear and then put a cotton ball in. This really helps the pain.
  • Put two drops of holy basil leaves juice in the painful ear.
  • Onion juice is very beneficial for the treatment of Ear Infection.
  • Another fine home remedy for earache is to put few drops of hydrogen peroxide in the aching ear.
  • Calendula oil-put a few drops in the ear. 
  • Lemon balm-this herb is anti-viral, anti-bacterial, and calming. Adjust dose to size and age.

Ear Infection Treatment and Advice

  • Use ice packs to relieve pain.
  • Take vitamin C to boost your immune system, it will help you to combat infection. Increase Zinc intake, it reduces ear infection. Eat a healthy diet with lots of calcium in it. Avoid processed foods and hydrogenated oils. Stress on breast feeding for infection in infants.
  • Avoid going in front of any one smoking because cigarette smoke can block Eustachian tubes.
  • Regular clean your ear using cotton and prevent water deposition in the ear.
  • Avoid milk, cold drink, onion as they worsen ear aches.

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